METH ADDICTION TREATMENT
What is Meth Addiction?
Meth addiction is caused by the unrestrained use of methamphetamine. They are a very dangerous drug that provides a quick rush but has devastating effects on the user. This makes it one of the most dangerous drugs available in America.
What, exactly, is meth, then? It’s a highly addictive stimulant drug that can be found as small rocks, pills, or powder. It’s often named as meth, but you can find people calling it ice, blue, crystal, or speed. Meth can be used in several ways, such as smoked, snorted, swallowed, or injected.
According to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, at least 0.6% of the national population (around 1.6 million people) have used the substance in the past year.
It is not very hard to get addicted to this substance. It makes the user feel good for a short while, but the person often starts to feel bad as soon as the effect passes. In some cases, people keep using the drug instead of sleeping or eating, which can cause several health issues.
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What Are the Symptoms of Meth Addiction?
Some of the symptoms associated with meth can be seen as soon as the drug is used. Others, however, take a long time to actually appear, especially the most dangerous ones.
Short-Term Meth Addiction Symptoms
Most of the short-term symptoms are the ones that can be easily seen as soon as the drug is used. They include the usual euphoria caused by the drug and are generally deemed as more “positive” ones by the users.
Rush: the most characteristic feeling of meth, which is why the drug is often called speed. The user feels a wave of euphoria as the body receives a rush of dopamine. This is generally the feeling that the user always tries to regain and the main reason why people get addicted.
Increased wakefulness and decreased appetite: as soon as someone uses the drug, the euphoria takes over and it basically overcomes any fear or hunger that the person had. Some users spend several hours without sleeping or eating after using meth, which can cause secondary issues.
Faster breathing and irregular heartbeat: after the drug is taken, the whole body accelerates. This often translates into faster breathing, as if the user has just participated in heavy physical activity. Heartbeat is also often affected.
Increased blood pressure the rush also increases the blood pressure. This can be dangerous for anyone as it could cause heart attack or stroke, especially for people who already had problems with high blood pressure before using it.
Long-Term Meth Addiction Symptoms
While the short-term symptoms tend to feel good and don’t look so dangerous to the user, meth addiction causes several problems in both the body and mind.
Weight loss: as the person generally does not eat well while using meth, a severe weight loss can be seen after some months.
Meth mouth: “Mouth Meth” is a term that generally refers to a variety of oral health conditions from meth use. The extreme decay in the condition of someone’s teeth is caused by several factors. For instance, the drug dries out the salivary glands, which makes the mouth more acid. The shrinking of blood vessels also causes oral issue decay. Several users also grind their teeth a lot and neglect brushing, too, which damages them as well.
Anxiety, memory loss, and confusion: using the drug affects the brain directly, so cases of anxiety and confusion are common. The more the person uses, the more prominent the problems will be. Using meth also causes memory issues as the parts of the brain that deals with that are directly affected.
Lower immunity: the user’s whole body is harmed when using meth for a long period. This often causes the immunity of the body to go down fast. Combined with the risky sexual behavior, this can worsen cases of HIV and even lead to death.
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Treatment for Meth Addiction
Partial Hospitalization Treatment
In a Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP) the individual will travel to the treatment center on a daily basis to receive care. At the center, they will undergo individual and group therapy, as well as various other services such as receiving a meal on site, participating in activities such as yoga, and learning life skills. Partial Hospitalization programs can be short or long term, depending on patient needs.
Intensive Outpatient Treatment
Intensive Outpatient Treatment (IOP) is a level of care that is a step down from Partial Hospitalization, but provides similar services. Though a patient attending IOP will be treated less frequently than a PHP program, they will also receive weekly individual therapy, and attend group therapy sessions focused on learning life skills to reintegrate with society while still receiving ongoing care.
A sober Living environment is a home where individuals recovering from addiction can live in order to have accountability in their home life. Those who live in sober livings can do so while they attend treatment, or while they work or attend school. The sober living will typically provide the individual with regular drug testing, and ensure that the person is attending recovery groups such as AA or SMART.